6. Distress Guide

  • Give first aid to the injured as far as possible.
  • Send out international mountain distress signals (see Para. 6.1) until the rescue team arrives.
  • If possible, at least one member should look after the injured while the other two should go together to seek help.
  • To facilitate rescue, the person who goes to seek help or call for help should write down the following essential information to reduce the inaccuracy of the distress message delivered by him due to tension and his unclear verbal communication.
  1. the nature/cause/time of accident;
  2. the location/ grid reference/number of the nearest distance post (paragraph 6.2) ;
  3. the terrain/special landmarks in the vicinity ;
  4. the no of injured and number of persons on the spot;
  5. the personal details of the injured including the name, age, sex, telephone number, residential address and contacts of family members;
  6. the nature of injury
  7. the condition/ locations of other members ;
  8. any other relevant information.

6.1 International Mountain Distress Signals

  • Ways:
    • send out six long blasts within one minute;
    • pause for one minute;
    • repeat a. and b. Don't stop until the rescue team comes. Keep on giving out the signals even if the rescue team has discovered you from a far distance so that the rescuers can identify your exact position.
  • Tools:
    • Blowing a whistle
    • Flashing with your torch light at night
    • Waving colourful or shiny clothes to attract attention

Morse Code Distress Signals
Sending out blasts in the sequence of three short, three long and there short.

SOS Distress Signal
If possible, use stones or tree branches to form the characters of SOS (Save Our Soul) on a flat and open space (Each character should be 6m x 6m).

6.2 Distance Post and “Your Location” Map Coordinate

  • The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department has erected distance posts at about 500m intervals along all long-distance hiking trails (MacLehose Trail, Lantau Trail, Hong Kong Trail and Wilson Trail) as well as all country trails for users to identify their location. In case of emergency, they can state their position by referring to the number on the nearby distance post or the coordinates marked at the location map, thus facilitating search and rescue operation.
  • “50222 SMS/ GPS Hiker Tracking Service”: Hikers can punch in the numbers of distance posts they see along the trail and send them to 50222 via SMS or open the GPS Hiker Tracking Services of the “Enjoy Hiking” mobile phone application. In case of accidents, rescue parties can locate the hikers based on the data. Details please refer to the following websites:

50222 SMS Hiker Tracking Service:
GPS Hiker Tracking Service: 
Emergency call: 999/112